Product Description

A beam coupling, also known as helical coupling, is a flexible coupling for transmitting torque between 2 shafts while allowing for angular misalignment, parallel offset and even axial motion, of 1 shaft relative to the other. This design utilizes a single piece of material and becomes flexible by removal of material along a spiral path resulting in a curved flexible beam of helical shape. Since it is made from a single piece of material, the Beam Style coupling does not exhibit thebacklash found in some multi-piece couplings. Another advantage of being an all machined coupling is the possibility to incorporate features into the final product while still keep the single piece integrity.

Changes to the lead of the helical beam provide changes to misalignment capabilities as well as other performance characteristics such as torque capacity and torsional stiffness. It is even possible to have multiple starts within the same helix.

 The material used to manufacture the beam coupling also affects its performance and suitability for specific applications such as food, medical and aerospace. Materials are typically aluminum alloy and stainless steel, but they can also be made in acetal, maraging steel and titanium. The most common applications are attaching encoders to shafts and motion control for robotics.

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Type Description Bore(mm)
BR D18L25 4~6.35
D20L25 4~8
D25L30 5~12
D32L40 8~16
DR D12L19 3~6
D16L24 3~6.35
D18L25 3~10
D25L30 5~14
BE D16L23 3~6
D18L25 3~6.35
D20L26 4~8
D25L31 5~12
D32L41 6~16

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elastic coupling

Limitations and Disadvantages of Elastic Couplings

While elastic couplings offer various benefits, they also come with certain limitations and disadvantages that engineers and designers need to consider:

  • Torsional Stiffness: Elastic couplings provide flexibility, but this can lead to lower torsional stiffness compared to rigid couplings. In applications requiring high torsional stiffness, elastic couplings might not be the ideal choice.
  • Energy Loss: Due to the elastic nature of the material, a portion of the transmitted torque can be absorbed as deformation energy in the elastomer. This can result in energy losses and reduce overall efficiency.
  • Wear and Fatigue: The elastomer element in elastic couplings can experience wear, fatigue, and deterioration over time, especially in applications with high loads or extreme operating conditions. Regular maintenance and monitoring are essential to ensure proper functionality.
  • Temperature Sensitivity: Some elastomer materials used in elastic couplings might be sensitive to temperature fluctuations. Extreme temperatures can affect the properties of the elastomer and compromise the coupling’s performance.
  • Alignment Requirements: While elastic couplings can accommodate minor misalignments, excessive misalignment can still lead to premature wear and reduced coupling lifespan. Proper alignment remains important for optimal performance.

Engineers and designers must carefully assess the specific requirements of their applications to determine if the advantages of elastic couplings outweigh the potential limitations and disadvantages.

elastic coupling

Backlash in Elastic Couplings

Backlash refers to the amount of play or clearance between mating components in a mechanical system, particularly in elastic couplings. In an elastic coupling, backlash is the angular movement or rotation that occurs when there is a change in direction of the input shaft without an immediate response from the output shaft.

Backlash is a result of the elasticity and flexibility of the coupling’s components, such as the elastomer or other flexible elements. When the input direction changes, the elastic elements need to overcome their deformation before transmitting torque to the output shaft. This delay can lead to a temporary loss of motion and reduced precision in positioning applications.

Backlash can have a negative impact on the accuracy, repeatability, and overall performance of a machinery system. It can result in positioning errors, reduced responsiveness, and even potential damage to the system. Therefore, minimizing backlash is crucial in applications that require high precision and responsiveness.

Engineers can address backlash in elastic couplings by selecting couplings with lower compliance, optimizing the design to minimize the flexibility of the coupling elements, and using additional components like anti-backlash devices or preloaded mechanisms.

elastic coupling

Types of Elastic Couplings for Specific Applications

There are various types of elastic couplings available, each designed to suit specific industrial applications:

  • Flexible Jaw Couplings: These couplings use an elastomeric element to transmit torque and accommodate misalignment. They are commonly used in applications where shock absorption and vibration damping are important, such as pumps, compressors, and conveyor systems.
  • Diaphragm Couplings: Diaphragm couplings use thin metal diaphragms to transmit torque while allowing for angular, axial, and radial misalignment. They are often used in high-performance applications where precise motion transmission is required, such as in robotics, precision machinery, and aerospace systems.
  • Torsional Couplings: Torsional couplings are designed to handle high torque loads and are commonly used in heavy-duty applications, including industrial machinery, mining equipment, and large pumps.
  • Disc Couplings: Disc couplings use multiple thin metal discs to transmit torque and accommodate misalignment. They are suitable for applications requiring high torque transmission and precise motion control, such as turbines, generators, and high-speed machinery.
  • Beam Couplings: Beam couplings use helical cuts in a flexible beam to provide torsional flexibility and misalignment compensation. They are used in applications that require moderate torque transmission and misalignment accommodation, such as stepper motors and motion control systems.
  • Oldham Couplings: Oldham couplings use three disks to transmit torque while allowing for axial misalignment. They are commonly used in applications that require accurate motion transmission, such as linear actuators and CNC machinery.

The choice of the right type of elastic coupling depends on factors such as the application’s torque requirements, speed, misalignment characteristics, and specific performance needs.

China Good quality Flexible Elastic Coupler/ Mechanical Beam Coupling  China Good quality Flexible Elastic Coupler/ Mechanical Beam Coupling
editor by CX 2024-04-04