Product Description

A beam coupling, also known as helical coupling, is a flexible coupling for transmitting torque between 2 shafts while allowing for angular misalignment, parallel offset and even axial motion, of 1 shaft relative to the other. This design utilizes a single piece of material and becomes flexible by removal of material along a spiral path resulting in a curved flexible beam of helical shape. Since it is made from a single piece of material, the Beam Style coupling does not exhibit thebacklash found in some multi-piece couplings. Another advantage of being an all machined coupling is the possibility to incorporate features into the final product while still keep the single piece integrity.

Changes to the lead of the helical beam provide changes to misalignment capabilities as well as other performance characteristics such as torque capacity and torsional stiffness. It is even possible to have multiple starts within the same helix.

 The material used to manufacture the beam coupling also affects its performance and suitability for specific applications such as food, medical and aerospace. Materials are typically aluminum alloy and stainless steel, but they can also be made in acetal, maraging steel and titanium. The most common applications are attaching encoders to shafts and motion control for robotics.

Please contact us to learn more.
 

Type Description Bore(mm)
BR D18L25 4~6.35
D20L25 4~8
D25L30 5~12
D32L40 8~16
DR D12L19 3~6
D16L24 3~6.35
D18L25 3~10
D25L30 5~14
BE D16L23 3~6
D18L25 3~6.35
D20L26 4~8
D25L31 5~12
D32L41 6~16

elastic coupling

Material Selection and Design Durability of Elastic Couplings

The choice of materials for elastic couplings significantly influences their design and overall durability. Material selection affects factors such as flexibility, torsional stiffness, fatigue resistance, and resistance to environmental conditions. Here’s how material selection plays a crucial role:

  • Elastomer Material: The elastomer used in elastic couplings determines the coupling’s flexibility, vibration absorption capabilities, and resilience. Common elastomers include natural rubber, synthetic rubber, and polyurethane. The selected elastomer should provide the desired level of elasticity and durability while maintaining its properties over time.
  • Hub and Spacer Material: The hubs and spacers of elastic couplings are typically made from metals like steel, aluminum, or alloy materials. These components need to be strong enough to transmit torque while accommodating misalignments and vibrations. The material should also resist wear, corrosion, and fatigue.
  • Bolt or Pin Material: Bolts or pins used to connect the hubs and elastomer element must possess sufficient strength to handle the torsional forces and loads. They should be made from materials with high tensile strength and corrosion resistance.
  • Environmental Factors: Depending on the application environment, material selection should consider factors such as temperature, moisture, chemicals, and UV exposure. The chosen materials should be able to withstand these conditions without deterioration.

Ultimately, a well-considered material selection enhances the coupling’s durability, operational performance, and resistance to wear, ensuring that the elastic coupling can reliably function under varying conditions and loads.

elastic coupling

Backlash in Elastic Couplings

Backlash refers to the amount of play or clearance between mating components in a mechanical system, particularly in elastic couplings. In an elastic coupling, backlash is the angular movement or rotation that occurs when there is a change in direction of the input shaft without an immediate response from the output shaft.

Backlash is a result of the elasticity and flexibility of the coupling’s components, such as the elastomer or other flexible elements. When the input direction changes, the elastic elements need to overcome their deformation before transmitting torque to the output shaft. This delay can lead to a temporary loss of motion and reduced precision in positioning applications.

Backlash can have a negative impact on the accuracy, repeatability, and overall performance of a machinery system. It can result in positioning errors, reduced responsiveness, and even potential damage to the system. Therefore, minimizing backlash is crucial in applications that require high precision and responsiveness.

Engineers can address backlash in elastic couplings by selecting couplings with lower compliance, optimizing the design to minimize the flexibility of the coupling elements, and using additional components like anti-backlash devices or preloaded mechanisms.

elastic coupling

Industries Using Elastic Couplings

Elastic couplings find extensive use in various industries due to their unique benefits:

  • Industrial Manufacturing: Elastic couplings are widely used in manufacturing equipment, conveyors, and assembly lines to maintain smooth operation and reduce vibrations.
  • Automotive: Automotive applications include engine components, powertrain systems, and vehicle suspension systems where flexibility and vibration dampening are crucial.
  • Power Generation: Elastic couplings are used in power generation equipment such as generators, turbines, and pumps to absorb torsional vibrations and enhance efficiency.
  • Aerospace: In aerospace applications, elastic couplings help dampen vibrations in critical components like aircraft engines and control systems.
  • Renewable Energy: Wind turbines and solar tracking systems benefit from elastic couplings to accommodate misalignments and vibrations caused by changing wind conditions.
  • Mining: Mining equipment such as crushers, conveyors, and screens utilize elastic couplings to handle varying loads and minimize shock loads.
  • Marine: Elastic couplings are used in marine propulsion systems and ship equipment to manage torque fluctuations and reduce vibrations.

These industries rely on elastic couplings to enhance performance, extend machinery lifespan, and minimize downtime due to vibrations, misalignments, and shock loads.

China Standard Flexible Elastic Coupler/ Mechanical Beam Coupling  China Standard Flexible Elastic Coupler/ Mechanical Beam Coupling
editor by CX 2023-10-07