Product Description

A beam coupling, also known as helical coupling, is a flexible coupling for transmitting torque between 2 shafts while allowing for angular misalignment, parallel offset and even axial motion, of 1 shaft relative to the other. This design utilizes a single piece of material and becomes flexible by removal of material along a spiral path resulting in a curved flexible beam of helical shape. Since it is made from a single piece of material, the Beam Style coupling does not exhibit thebacklash found in some multi-piece couplings. Another advantage of being an all machined coupling is the possibility to incorporate features into the final product while still keep the single piece integrity.

Changes to the lead of the helical beam provide changes to misalignment capabilities as well as other performance characteristics such as torque capacity and torsional stiffness. It is even possible to have multiple starts within the same helix.

 The material used to manufacture the beam coupling also affects its performance and suitability for specific applications such as food, medical and aerospace. Materials are typically aluminum alloy and stainless steel, but they can also be made in acetal, maraging steel and titanium. The most common applications are attaching encoders to shafts and motion control for robotics.

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Type Description Bore(mm)
BR D18L25 4~6.35
D20L25 4~8
D25L30 5~12
D32L40 8~16
DR D12L19 3~6
D16L24 3~6.35
D18L25 3~10
D25L30 5~14
BE D16L23 3~6
D18L25 3~6.35
D20L26 4~8
D25L31 5~12
D32L41 6~16

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elastic coupling

Limitations and Disadvantages of Elastic Couplings

While elastic couplings offer various benefits, they also come with certain limitations and disadvantages that engineers and designers need to consider:

  • Torsional Stiffness: Elastic couplings provide flexibility, but this can lead to lower torsional stiffness compared to rigid couplings. In applications requiring high torsional stiffness, elastic couplings might not be the ideal choice.
  • Energy Loss: Due to the elastic nature of the material, a portion of the transmitted torque can be absorbed as deformation energy in the elastomer. This can result in energy losses and reduce overall efficiency.
  • Wear and Fatigue: The elastomer element in elastic couplings can experience wear, fatigue, and deterioration over time, especially in applications with high loads or extreme operating conditions. Regular maintenance and monitoring are essential to ensure proper functionality.
  • Temperature Sensitivity: Some elastomer materials used in elastic couplings might be sensitive to temperature fluctuations. Extreme temperatures can affect the properties of the elastomer and compromise the coupling’s performance.
  • Alignment Requirements: While elastic couplings can accommodate minor misalignments, excessive misalignment can still lead to premature wear and reduced coupling lifespan. Proper alignment remains important for optimal performance.

Engineers and designers must carefully assess the specific requirements of their applications to determine if the advantages of elastic couplings outweigh the potential limitations and disadvantages.

elastic coupling

Alternatives to Elastic Couplings for Flexible Connections in Machinery

There are several alternatives to elastic couplings for achieving flexible connections in machinery:

1. Universal Joints: Universal joints, also known as U-joints, are mechanical devices that allow rotational motion between two shafts at different angles. They are suitable for applications with significant misalignment.

2. Cardan Shafts: Cardan shafts consist of a series of universal joints connected in a line, allowing for the transmission of torque and rotation in complex systems.

3. Oldham Couplings: Oldham couplings use sliding disks to transmit torque while accommodating small misalignments. They are suitable for applications where precise positioning is required.

4. Beam Couplings: Beam couplings use a flexible beam to transmit torque and compensate for angular and axial misalignment.

5. Diaphragm Couplings: Diaphragm couplings use thin diaphragms to transmit torque while compensating for misalignment. They are often used in high-performance applications.

6. Gear Couplings: Gear couplings use teethed gears to transmit torque and accommodate misalignment. They are suitable for heavy-duty applications.

7. Chain Couplings: Chain couplings use roller chains to transmit torque and handle misalignment. They are commonly used in low-speed, high-torque applications.

8. Bellows Couplings: Bellows couplings use a bellows-like flexible element to transmit torque while compensating for misalignment.

Each of these alternatives has its own advantages and limitations, and the choice depends on the specific requirements of the application.

elastic coupling

Elastic Coupling: Function and Working in Mechanical Systems

An elastic coupling is a type of coupling used in mechanical systems to connect two shafts and transmit torque while allowing for a certain degree of misalignment and flexibility. It consists of two hubs, each connected to a shaft, and an elastic element placed between the hubs.

The elastic element, often made of rubber or elastomer material, serves as a flexible medium that can absorb shocks, vibrations, and angular misalignments between the connected shafts. When torque is applied to one shaft, the elastic element deforms and compresses, allowing the coupling to transmit torque from one shaft to the other while compensating for minor misalignments.

As the elastic element absorbs vibrations and shocks, it helps reduce wear and tear on the connected machinery and enhances overall system efficiency. Elastic couplings are commonly used in applications where precise alignment between shafts is challenging or where vibration damping is crucial.

Overall, the elastic coupling’s design enables it to provide a balance between torque transmission and flexibility, making it a valuable component in various mechanical systems.

China supplier Flexible Elastic Coupler/ Mechanical Beam Coupling  China supplier Flexible Elastic Coupler/ Mechanical Beam Coupling
editor by CX 2024-05-17