Product Description

A beam coupling, also known as helical coupling, is a flexible coupling for transmitting torque between 2 shafts while allowing for angular misalignment, parallel offset and even axial motion, of 1 shaft relative to the other. This design utilizes a single piece of material and becomes flexible by removal of material along a spiral path resulting in a curved flexible beam of helical shape. Since it is made from a single piece of material, the Beam Style coupling does not exhibit thebacklash found in some multi-piece couplings. Another advantage of being an all machined coupling is the possibility to incorporate features into the final product while still keep the single piece integrity.

Changes to the lead of the helical beam provide changes to misalignment capabilities as well as other performance characteristics such as torque capacity and torsional stiffness. It is even possible to have multiple starts within the same helix.

 The material used to manufacture the beam coupling also affects its performance and suitability for specific applications such as food, medical and aerospace. Materials are typically aluminum alloy and stainless steel, but they can also be made in acetal, maraging steel and titanium. The most common applications are attaching encoders to shafts and motion control for robotics.

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Type Description Bore(mm)
BR D18L25 4~6.35
D20L25 4~8
D25L30 5~12
D32L40 8~16
DR D12L19 3~6
D16L24 3~6.35
D18L25 3~10
D25L30 5~14
BE D16L23 3~6
D18L25 3~6.35
D20L26 4~8
D25L31 5~12
D32L41 6~16

elastic coupling

Maintenance Requirements for Optimal Performance of Elastic Couplings

Maintaining elastic couplings is essential to ensure their optimal performance and longevity. Following these maintenance guidelines can help prevent premature wear and failure:

  • Regular Inspection: Periodically inspect the coupling for signs of wear, such as cracks, deformities, or visible damage. This can help identify issues early and prevent further damage.
  • Lubrication: Some elastic couplings require lubrication to reduce friction and wear. Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for lubrication intervals and use compatible lubricants.
  • Torque Check: Check the coupling’s torque values to ensure they are within the specified range. This helps maintain proper torque transmission and prevents overloading.
  • Alignment Check: Monitor the alignment of the connected shafts regularly. Misalignment can cause excessive stress on the coupling, leading to premature failure.
  • Vibration Analysis: Perform vibration analysis to identify any abnormal vibrations in the system. Excessive vibrations could indicate coupling or system issues that need attention.
  • Temperature and Environment: Ensure that the coupling operates within the recommended temperature and environmental limits. Extreme conditions can affect the coupling’s material properties and performance.
  • Coupling Wear: Keep track of the coupling’s wear over time. Depending on the application, the coupling might need replacement after a certain period of service.
  • Expert Inspection: If any unusual symptoms or problems arise, consider having the coupling inspected by a qualified technician or engineer to diagnose the issue accurately.

Adhering to these maintenance practices helps extend the service life of elastic couplings, ensures reliable performance, and minimizes unexpected downtime and costly repairs.

elastic coupling

Impact of Temperature Variations on Elastic Coupling Performance

Elastic couplings can be sensitive to temperature variations, and their performance can be influenced by both high and low temperatures:

1. High Temperatures: Elevated temperatures can cause the elastomeric material used in elastic couplings to soften, leading to a decrease in its mechanical properties. This can result in reduced torsional stiffness, damping capabilities, and overall coupling performance. High temperatures can also accelerate the aging process of the elastomer, leading to a shorter lifespan of the coupling. Additionally, excessive heat can cause thermal expansion of the coupling’s components, potentially leading to misalignment issues.

2. Low Temperatures: Extremely low temperatures can cause the elastomeric material to become more rigid, reducing its flexibility and damping characteristics. This can result in increased transmission of vibrations and shocks between connected components. Cold temperatures can also make the elastomer more brittle, increasing the risk of cracking or rupturing under mechanical stress.

It’s important to select an elastic coupling material that is suitable for the anticipated temperature range of the application. Some elastomers are formulated to perform well across a wide temperature range, while others are better suited for specific temperature conditions. Regular maintenance and inspection of elastic couplings in extreme temperature environments are crucial to ensure that the coupling continues to function as intended.

elastic coupling

Benefits of Using Elastic Couplings in Industrial Machinery

Elastic couplings offer several advantages when used in industrial machinery:

  • Misalignment Compensation: Elastic couplings can accommodate small angular, axial, and radial misalignments between connected shafts. This ability to compensate for misalignment helps prolong the life of machinery components and reduces the risk of premature wear.
  • Vibration Damping: The elastic element in the coupling absorbs and dampens vibrations generated during operation. This feature improves the overall smoothness of machinery operation, reduces noise, and minimizes the transmission of vibrations to other parts of the system.
  • Shock Absorption: Elastic couplings absorb sudden shocks or impacts that may occur during operation. By reducing the impact load on the connected components, the coupling helps prevent damage and extends the lifespan of the machinery.
  • Reduced Maintenance: The flexibility and shock-absorbing properties of elastic couplings contribute to lower maintenance requirements. Machinery components experience less stress and wear, resulting in longer intervals between maintenance tasks.
  • Protection of Equipment: Elastic couplings act as a protective barrier between connected machinery. They isolate vibrations and shocks, preventing these forces from propagating throughout the system and potentially causing damage.
  • Improved Efficiency: By minimizing misalignment-related losses and reducing vibrations, elastic couplings contribute to improved machinery efficiency. This can lead to energy savings and better overall performance.

In summary, elastic couplings play a crucial role in enhancing the reliability, longevity, and efficiency of industrial machinery by addressing misalignment, dampening vibrations, absorbing shocks, and minimizing maintenance needs.

China factory Flexible Elastic Coupler/ Mechanical Beam Coupling  China factory Flexible Elastic Coupler/ Mechanical Beam Coupling
editor by CX 2023-08-18